Research Guides

Beyond Wikipedia: Background & Reference Sources

Online Directories - Organizations

Online Directories - Government Information

Online Directories - Serials & Publishers

eBook and Print Directories in the Library Catalog

To find electronic and print directories in OneSearch, WorldCat Discovery, or other library catalogs, use the Advanced Search and add the word "Directories" as an additional Subject heading.

Sample searches:  grants AND directories; non-governmental organizations AND directories

You can also do a simple keyword search on your topic with the added word "directory" to get a larger list of results.

Historial City Directories

Many historical city directories have been digitized and are available on the open web or through subscription databases at research libraries. 

Ready sources of historical city directories online include:

To find city directories in any of these databases, search texts with the name of the city and the words "City Directory." 

Sample Searches:  "New York City Directory" or "Quebec City Directory" or "[any city] City Directory"

N-YHS and NYPL Collections of NYC Directories

The collections of The New-York Historical Society Library and The New York Public Library include extensive holdings of various New York City directories in print. Search the N-YHS and NYPL catalogs to find the directories by formatting a Subject search like this:  "New York (N.Y.) -- Directories"

Direct Me NYC 1786: A History of City Directories in the United States and New York City

A comprehensive article by

Vancouver City Directory, 1899-1900